Latvia’s independence was declared in Riga on November 18, 1918, and the city became the new republic’s capital. Required fields are marked *. All birth, marriage and death records were kept in German up to that year. This page was last edited on 25 August 2020, at 19:02. Exploding growth increased the population from 170 000 people in 1881 to nearly 600 000 in 1913. [24], Riga served as a gateway to trade with the Baltic tribes and with Russia. Latvia was admitted to the League of Nations.

It is best to learn about the genocides and occupations at the Museum of Latvian occupation (Old Town) or the KGB museum (Centrs). It was captured by Sweden in 1621 and then taken in 1709–10 by Peter the Great, with Sweden formally ceding the city to Russia by the Peace of Nystad in 1721. A sheltered natural harbour 15 km (9.3 mi) upriver from the mouth of the Daugava — the site of today's Riga — has been recorded, as Duna Urbs, as early as the 2nd century. [15] Hartwig consecrated his nephew, Albert, as Bishop of Livonia in 1199. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The city joined the Hanseatic League in 1282 and became the dominant centre of trade on the Baltic Sea’s eastern shore. German share stood at 10% and Russian share at 9%. High-density apartment developments, such as Purvciems, Zolitūde, and Ziepniekkalns ringed the city's edge, linked to the center by electric railways. During this period of political change, some local Russians and Ukrainians lost their citizenship, and fled to Russia and the West.

Latvia was admitted to the United Nations in autumn 1991 and joined the European Union (EU) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) military alliance in 2004.

Info structure of the town of Riga. [15], Hartwig appointed abbot Berthold of Hanover—who may have already traveled to Livonia[14]—as Meinhard's replacement. The German army marched into Riga in 1917. [24], The oldest parts of Riga were devastated by fire in 1215. When the Livs failed to renounce their pagan ways,[14] Meinhard grew impatient and plotted to convert them forcibly. [1], The Daugava River (Western Dvina, Dúna in Old Norse[2]) has been a trade route since antiquity, part of the Viking's Dvina-Dnieper navigation route via portage to Byzantium. The 20th century brought World War I and the impact of the Russian Revolution to Riga.

Nevertheless, the Hansa was instrumental in giving Riga economic and political stability, thus providing the city with a strong foundation which endured the political conflagrations that were to come, down to modern times. Industry shifted to consumer goods, among them the world’s smallest camera, the VEF Minox. Centrs, districts east of Centrs, Maskavas suburb and Āgenskalns all were built to house new Rigans during the National Revival / Industrial revolution era.

Riga was described at this time as a vibrant, grand and imposing city and earned the title of "Paris of the North" from its visitors. The main residential expansion of Riga happened westwards as concrete slab districts such as Imanta were built; little has changed there after the Soviet times, save for construction of new shops. This was soon to change as World War 1 led to the defeats of both Russia and Germany. By the end of the 19th.