endobj 2 0 obj This guide is currently being updated to reflect the recent changes made in The Bluebook (20th edition). endobj endobj Please be aware that pages containing this notice may contain out-of-date information. The same guidelines as to when " supra " can and cannot be used also apply to "hereinafter". endobj 7 0 obj

endobj This rule also explains when you can use a short form for cases already cited in full in law review articles.

18 0 obj The main rule that describes the short form for cases is Rule 10.9. - Associate 5. Principle: Once a full citation to a case, statute, regulation, book, or journal article has been provided, subsequent references within the same discussion can be less complete. <> If the statute is referenced subsequently in the same discussion, you may use the short form of the citation. 11 0 obj "Id." 6 0 obj (See Rule 4.2). Many case names involve business or financial institutions. Ass’n - Association 6.

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Case Name Short Form. 1 0 obj <> Here are some common case name abbreviations for the business and financial world: 1. 19 0 obj <> <> Include a full citation to the nonperiodic source the first time it is referred to. <> Use this •If there is an intervening citation (“A” –“” –“A”) OR •If the immediately preceding citation contains multiple authorities (see previous slide) Format: [Shortened case name; usually the first party] + Volume + Reporter + at + pincite •Let’s say you want to cite Baker v. Instead, use "Id." <> endobj "is an all-purpose short form citation that may be used for any cited authority except internal cross-references. If these conditions are met, there are two types of short forms that may be used for … Rules, Generally...................R4.1Supra and Hereinafter.................R4.2, Footnotes: short form name in regular typeface if referring to author, or italics if referring to title, Textual Sentence: article title in italics, but author name in regular typeface. Id. 14 0 obj 4 0 obj <>>> always refers to the immediately proceeding cited authority, either in the same footnote or the previous footnote so long as it is the only authority cited in the proceeding footnote. 1419 (1990) (book review). 3 0 obj Short form examples: "Supra" Short Form - Use the author's last name (or article title if no author) along with supra, indicating the original footnote the work was fully cited in and the page(s) on which the cited material appears. x���Kk�@��������ϙK&q�K�.J-�4TM-��w�P��Zi����w�u�vk��;��{��*D$��C!8�Pe����5�:�ל�_�wp=opv�&=��%�[��J֠���anH�Cm!�oG�"PB*6�c�� ]n%��p#��Dw�=��3�{H�8��(})Jס�!�����F�m�g���6�;�O(����60��EY-�g��KA�I1:qʅ&�(�G���l�U��E��d,6��$���rI�_3iPTŦX�0�F�{Mw��~W����7����^ŧ� ��!L��FiE5I> H��

Periodical Short FormShort Forms.............................R16.9Id. As with cases, there are two short form options for statutes: Id. 8 0 obj - Bankruptcy 7. endobj ," if appropriate, or " supra " may be used to refer to the work later on. endobj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 960 540] /Contents 22 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 1>>

Bankr. <> [ 11 0 R] "Id.," if appropriate, or "supra" may be used to refer to the work later on. endobj Generally, "hereinafter" can be used to shorten names of cited authorities. endobj 17 0 obj %PDF-1.5 16 0 obj : Used only if the statute you are citing is found immediately before the current citation. 10 0 obj Author - Words in Table 6 and Rule 10.2.1(c), geographic regions in Table 10, and common acronyms in Rule 6.1(b), Publication Title - Words in Table 13 and Table 10. endobj 15 0 obj x���Mk�@����9�z=�_����icȡ��r"�cbI����$'M�!�XI�;/Ͼ;�0���lz=�rxz

endobj <> Because you will often cite a case (and other legal materials) multiple times in a document, The Bluebook has established a "short form" for use in subsequent citations. T�HZc�Gpa���� ���� �{�> �oa �s�7��M�z*Y��%�ق�]X��[X�����v�9��Ub`�������Z�U�wKIZ��p��� ���d�n�i���X���H�!����"�P�MDB�"��^j�?L(�͏�P\��ᗈ��P.����g#�5.

- Administratrix 4. %���� Do not use "at" if citing a difference section of the statute.

Admr. Bd. 5 0 obj Admx. The less complete or “short form” citation must clearly identify the referenced work. g�sx 9 0 obj Rule 10.9 of the Bluebook lays out three conditions that must be met in order to use a short form citation: It is clear from the short form what is being referenced. Assoc. Short form citations should only be used where the reader will find it easy to return to the full citation. Bruce Ackerman, Robert Bork's Grand Inquisition, 99 YALE L.J.

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