In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, artists represented the country as if it were a person. But, the English nation steadily grew in wealth, importance and power. Why was the issue of extending political rights to women a controversial one within the liberal movement in 1848? (2) A merchant travelling in 1833 from Hamburg to Nuremberg to sell his goods would have to pass through 11 customs barriers and pay a customs duty of about 5 per cent at each one of them. The main aim of the French revolutionaries was to introduce various measures create a sense of collective identity amongst the French people.

For the middle class of Europe, the most important feature of Liberalism was 8. Who said, “when France sneezes the rest of Europe catches cold”? Explain the role of Romantic imagination in a national feeling. Ans. Explain what is meant by the 1848 revolution of the liberals. The Phony War. As each region had its own system of weights and measures, this involved time-consuming calculation. Until comparatively recently the study of war has been didactic and normative: that is, the wars of the past were studied in order to deduce either immutable principles or lines of devel- opment as guides to the efficient conduct of war in the future. (1) The German unification was not supported by armed volunteers. 5. In the event, the Septemberprogramm (1914) documents "Lebensraum in the East" as philosophically integral to Germanic culture throughout the history of Germany; and that Lebensraum is not a racialist philosophy particular to the 20th century. [87], In 1944, as the German army continually lost battles and territory to the Red Army, the leaders of Nazi Germany, especially Reichsfuhrer-SS Heinrich Himmler, recognised the political, ideological, and military value of the collaborationist Russian Liberation Army in fighting Jewish Bolshevism. [119], "Living space", ideas of settler colonialism widespread in Germany from 1890s-1940s, National Socialist German Students' League (NSDStB), National Socialist League of the Reich for Physical Exercise (NSRL), Combat League of Revolutionary National Socialists (KGRNS), South African Gentile National Socialist Movement, National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands, National Socialist Workers' Party of Denmark, Nationalist Liberation Alliance (Argentina), Classification under the laws in the annexed territories.

Dokumente zur Innen- und Außenpolitik. He devoted himself to the liberation of northern Italy from Austrian domination. The Soviet Union will allow free elections in Eastern European countries. A list will be found in the bibliographical note at the end of this work. Explain. As a casus belli for the conquest and colonisation of Polish territories as living-space and defensive-border for Imperial Germany, the Septemberprogramm derived from a foreign policy initially proposed by General Erich Ludendorff in 1914. State. (a) In his view, creation of nation-states is a necessary part of struggle for freedom. Mazzini was a fervent advocate of republicanism and envisioned a united, free and independent Italy. (a) A society where everybody is equal. Identify and mark the incorrect response. 23. 1. Give any five reasons. Briefly describe the process of unification of Germany. His efforts helped bring about the independent and unified Italy in place of several separate states, many dominated by foreign powers. Check the best updated NCERT solutions for 10 Social Science History Chapter 1 - The Rise of Nationalism in Europe. (ii) Population from rural areas migrated to the cities to live in overcrowded slums and could not afford to fulfill the basic needs. [95], In 1941, the Reich decided that within two decades, by the year 1961, Poland would have been emptied of Poles and re-populated with ethnic-German colonists from Bukovina, Eastern Galicia, and Volhynia.

(3) The textile industry was most affected by England’s industrialization. [22] Twenty-five years later, Nazi foreign policy resumed the cultural goal of the pursuit and realisation of German-living-space at the expense of non-German peoples in Eastern Europe with the September Campaign (1 September – 6 October 1939) that began the Second World War in Europe. The Ideological Origins of Nazi Imperialism. (d) Aristocratic nobles, 27. 1.Explain the conditions that were viewed as obstacles to the economic exchange and growth by the new commercial classes during the nineteenth century in Europe. Question 1(a) Write a note on Guiseppe Mazzini. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam.