So, they are observational, case study and survey method. [...] Second, descriptive science is not necessarily low-tech science, and high tech is not necessarily better. The method of research which concerns itself with the present phenomena in terms of conditions, practices beliefs, processes, relationships or trends invariably is termed as “descriptive survey study”. You may use them one by one, together or to choose one appropriate. Descriptive research is a type of research that provides an in-depth description of the phenomenon or population under study.

The existing phenomena's facts are not known to the person. Step 1. [1] The characteristics used to describe the situation or population are usually some kind of categorical scheme also known as descriptive categories. First of all, here you will need to investigate and to gather information – that’s the first type: next you will need to contrast those two schools – this is the second method.

The description is used for frequencies, averages and other statistical calculations. [2] (For a discussion of how the underlying conceptualization of exploratory research, descriptive research and explanatory research fit together, see: Conceptual framework.). Also, if you choose atypical individuals, it can lead to strange or even poor results which will not make your research very productive. Shields, Patricia and Hassan Tajalli. [4], A negative attitude by scientists toward descriptive science is not limited to biological disciplines: Lord Rutherford's notorious quote, "All science is either physics or stamp collecting," displays a clear negative attitude about descriptive science, and it is known that he was dismissive of astronomy, which at the beginning of the 20th century was still gathering largely descriptive data about stars, nebulae, and galaxies, and was only beginning to develop a satisfactory integration of these observations within the framework of physical law, a cornerstone of the philosophy of physics. 6 Effective Content Marketing Strategies You May Have Overlooked, Market Analysis Definition (With Explanation and Examples). It should be concrete: not too long and not too short.

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. And seriously, nothing could be worse than this. Step 3. Step 2. Descriptive Research Design: Definition, Methods, and Examples are various. Descriptive research is sometimes contrasted with hypothesis-driven research, which is focused on testing a particular hypothesis by means of experimentation.[3]. Quantitative experiments are often expensive and time-consuming so it is often good sense to get an idea of what hypotheses are worth testing. Descriptive research is mainly done when a researcher wants to gain a better understanding of a topic. It is the thing which is widely used in science and psychology, where they usually make overviews about their subject. The biggest merit of naturalistic observation is that this method allows seeing and describing objects in their natural place of living. Descriptive research on the other hand, aims … These studies cannot make statistics and verify them.

Descriptive research is the exploration of the existing certain phenomena. Descriptive research generally precedes explanatory research. Pose yourself several questions to make it clear. According to Niiniluoto, descriptive sciences are those that seek to describe reality, while design sciences seek useful knowledge for human activities.[5]. [...] Finally, a theory is only as good as what it explains and the evidence (i.e., descriptions) that supports it. The major difference between exploratory and descriptive research is that Exploratory research is one which aims at providing insights into and comprehension of the problem faced by the researcher.

Descriptive research is the exploration of the existing certain phenomena. Here we will give you several ones to understand better: Now we move to research questions; this is an important characteristic of research design and a topic which is needed to investigate.

In other words, descriptive research can be said to have a low requirement for internal validity.

Qualitative research often has the aim of description and researchers may follow-up with examinations of why the observations exist and what the implications of the findings are. Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322 Chapter 2. The existing phenomena's facts are not known to the person. We compare two or more things to get a result.

Helen L. Dulock, RN, DNS. That is why we can distinguish two main categories in this method – naturalistic and laboratory observation.