But not those in which the last letter of the original word is set off from the rest of the abbreviation by an apostrophe. The plaintiffs gained, respectively, 117, 6, and 28 pounds. are shown at the top of the page on Lexis and Westlaw and at the top of the page and the beginning of the regulation in print and exact copies of the print, as found on HeinOnline and GovInfo. CODE ANN. Nat'l R.R. Generally, every abbreviation should be followed by a period. Works that discuss or quote the primary authority may also be appended to the citation without parentheses as related authorities when particularly relevant or when locating the original source may be difficult. Footnote citations when referring only to specific pages of a footnote that spans more than one page [Rule 3.2].

Give page on which footnote appears, "n.," and the footnote number, with no space between the "n." and the number. Garcia v. San Antonio Metro. . 2 (U.S. 1776). Footnote non-citation sentences [Rule 1.1].
L. Rep. (CCH) ¶ 66,472.

When the Court approves the argument, it becomes constitutional doctrine for the entire country.
Transit Auth., 469 U.S. 528, 570 (1985) (5-4 decision) (Powell, J., dissenting).


Sections and paragraph: text vs. citations [Rule 6.2].

Case cited for proposition that isn't the single, clear holding of a majority of the court [Rule 10.6]. Download our app to study better. You should review the rest of this section on citing cases (and the relevant rules in The Bluebook) before trying to format a case citation for the first time.However, the basic format of a case citation is as follows: Quotation: quoted language at end of sentence and after end of quoted sentence is omitted, followed by further quoted material [Rule 5.3]. CITATION FORMAT EXAMPLES (FOR FOOTNOTES) GENERAL RULES Times New Roman, Size 10, 1 line spacing, Justified. Capitalize if it is a part of the full title of a state, if the word it modifies is capitalized, or when referring to a state as a governmental actor or a party to a litigation. For authority that would be cumbersome to cite with the usual, Hereinafter to distinguish two authorities appearing in same footnote if. 10, 1991). Blystone v. Pennsylvania, 494 U.S. 299 (1990). Zadyvdas v. Davis, 533 U.S. 678, 719 (2001) (Kennedy, J., dissenting) (citing Shaughnessy v. United States.

Comparison of authorities cited will offer support for or illustrate the proposition. 199, 1 Yeates 221 (Pa. 1793) (mem.).

Reg'l Parole Comm'n, 764 F.2d 143 (2d Cir. history on remand or any denial of a rehearing, unless relevant to the point for which the case is cited. Capitalize when giving the name of a specific judge or justice or whenever referring to a Justice of the United States Supreme Court. E. Belden Corp., 239 N.L.R.B.

Wise & Co. Wisconsin Packing Co. v. Indiana Refrigerator Lines, Inc. Radio & Television Broadcast Engineers Local 1212. or an exact copy of the print C.F.R.

XVIII (repealed 1933).

CODE ANN. Rederi v. Isbrandtsen Co., 342 U.S. 950 (1952) (per curiam). 1978). Use a popular name or cite as "Judgment of [full date]. Abbreviation of justices and judges [Rule 9].

", "National borders are less of a barrier to economic exchange now than at almost any other time . Altering quotations: changes to citations and parentheticals [Rule 5.2]. 2d ed. If the specific provision cited was adopted in a different year, give that year parenthetically.

Quotation: quoted language after end of sentence followed by other sentences [Rule 5.3]. Similar to non-consecutive pages, but substitute ampersand for last comma. Order of authorities within each signal [Rule 1.4], Order of authorities exception [Rule 1.4].

that already absolutely clearly indicates that the party is a business firm. N.Y. Capitalize when referring to a specific code. Wards Cove Packing Co. v. Atonio, 490 U.S. 642 (1989). List only first-listed item or group of items.